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SAFEST COUNTRIES IN OUR WORLD LIST OUT BY INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMICS AND PEACE.

thanks: the week,the Economic Times

Dedicated by: KAVIGNAR THANIGAI.

Iceland is the safest country in the world, while Syria is the most dangerous, the latest report from the Institute for Economics and Peace has found.

The rankings were based on 23 different metrics, taking into account statistical factors such as murder rates and military expenditure, but also including perceptions of criminality within states and terrorism levels. The metrics are combined into a single number, called the Global Peace Index (GPI). The lower the number, the safer a country is regarded.

The report, released annually, ranked Syria as the 88th most peaceful country in 2008, out of 162 total nations. However, the outbreak of civil war and the rise of Islamic State (IS) have caused its peace ranking to shoot through the floor, according to The Independent. Syria earned a GPI of 3.645.

The ten least peaceful countries in the world
  • Syria
  • Iraq
  • Afghanistan
  • South Sudan
  • Central African Republic
  • Somalia
  • Sudan
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Pakistan
  • North Korea

Iceland, by contrast, earned its rank from a low level of militarisation and conflict both domestically and internationally. Iceland is one of few countries in the world – and only Nato member – without a standing army. The closest agency it can deploy is the coastguard. Factors such as these earned Iceland the lowest GPI, at 1.148.

Nordic countries and Alpine states including Austria and Switzerland rank highly on the list of most peaceful countries – Denmark sits in second place, and Finland in sixth. Sweden and Norway are 13th and 17th, respectively, due to their higher crime levels and weapons exports; Sweden prefers to stay neutral in conflicts, yet is the 12th largest exporter of weapons in the world.

The ten most peaceful countries in the world
  • Iceland
  • Denmark
  • Austria
  • New Zealand
  • Finland
  • Switzerland
  • Canada
  • Japan
  • Australia
  • Czech Republic

The UK came in 39th place, due primarily to higher perceptions of criminality and a greater threat of terrorist attacks, according to the Independent. Being a nuclear state is also a detriment to its rank.

The ten least safe countries in the world are comprised primarily of states in the Middle East and north and central Africa. These states suffer from frequent bouts of civil war and the effects of the “War on Terror”. North Korea also made the bottom ten.

This is the ninth edition of the GPI report. Over the past eight years, the average country score has fallen by 2.4 per cent, indicating that, by and large, the world is becoming less peaceful.

India ranks 143rd on global peace index; Iceland tops list

MELBOURNE: India ranks a lowly 143rd on a global peace index, lagging way behind the likes of Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh with Iceland emerging as the most peaceful nation in the world.

According to the nonprofit Institute for Economics and Peace, Iceland, the thinly populated island in the midst of the North Atlantic has retained its place as the most peaceful country in the world.

The institute released its Global Peace Index for 2015 recently, which ranks 162 nations around the globe based on factors like the level of violent crime, involvement in conflicts and the degree of militarisation. The nations are given a score on that basis. The more the score, the less peaceful the country is.

India is ranked at 143 on the index with a score of 2.504.

“The number of casualties from internal conflict also rose in India where a Maoist insurgency stills runs rife. The downgrade in India’s score is tempered, however, by an improvement in political stability. The world’s second most populous country witnessed an historic election in 2014 as the Bharatiya Janata Party secured India’s first one-party majority since the mid-1980s,” the report said.

Six out of the top 10 most peaceful countries were European, with Denmark and Austria holding the second and third spots.

“Europe maintained its position as the most peaceful region in the world, supported by a lack of domestic and external conflicts,” the report said.

Pakistan fares badly ranked at 154 with its score deteriorating on the back of a worsening of its perceptions of criminality, as a result, the country remains second from the bottom in South Asia.

“The country’s dire domestic security situation continues to be hampered by the presence of Islamist militant groups. Even though the number of deaths from internal conflict did not worsen significantly over the past twelve months, Pakistan suffered a handful of high-profile incidents — most notably the separate attacks on Jinnah International Airport and an army-run school in Peshawar,” the report said.

Afghanistan remains the most lowly ranked in South Asia at 160.

Bhutan (18), Nepal (62), Bangladesh (84) and Sri Lanka (114) are all ranked above India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

US is also ranked at a lowly 94 scoring badly in terms of militarisation, homicides and fear of violence. China is ranked 124.

Syria and Iraq where the Islamic State terror group has taken over large swathes of land are at the bottom of the table as the least peaceful countries.

 

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