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Mystery of how first animals appeared on Earth ‘solved’

dedicated bY: Kavignar Thanigai.

 

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Rise of algae triggered one of the most profound ecological revolutions in Earth’s history, without which humans would not exist, the researcher said.
  • It was the transition from oceans being dominated by bacteria to a world inhabited by more complex life, he added.

(Representative image)(Representative image)

MELBOURNE: Scientists have solved the mystery of how the first animals appeared on Earth, a pivotal moment for the planet without which humans would not exist.

Researchers led by The Australian National University (ANU) analysed ancient sedimentary rocks from central Australia, finding that the evolution of animals began with the rise of algae 650 million years ago.

“We crushed these rocks to powder and extracted molecules of ancient organisms from them,” said Jochen Brocks, associate professor at ANU.

“These molecules tell us that it really became interesting 650 million years ago. It was a revolution of ecosystems, it was the rise of algae,” said Brocks, who led the research published in the journal Nature.

Brocks said the rise of algae triggered one of the most profound ecological revolutions in Earth’s history, without which humans and other animals would not exist.

Read this story in Gujarati

“Before all of this happened, there was a dramatic event 50 million years earlier called Snowball Earth,” he said.

“The Earth was frozen over for 50 million years. Huge glaciers ground entire mountain ranges to powder that released nutrients, and when the snow melted during an extreme global heating event rivers washed torrents of nutrients into the ocean,” Brocks said.

Brocks said the extremely high levels of nutrients in the ocean, and cooling of global temperatures to more hospitable levels, created the perfect conditions for the rapid spread of algae.

It was the transition from oceans being dominated by bacteria to a world inhabited by more complex life, he said.

“These large and nutritious organisms at the base of the food web provided the burst of energy required for the evolution of complex ecosystems, where increasingly large and complex animals, including humans, could thrive on Earth,” Brocks said.

Co-lead researcher Amber Jarrett discovered ancient sedimentary rocks from central Australia that related directly to the period just after the melting of Snowball Earth.

“In these rocks we discovered striking signals of molecular fossils,” said Jarrett, a PhD graduate at ANU Research School of Earth Sciences.

TOP COMMENT

This is all wrong. Mulla created human beings who became animals. Many animals still look like human beings. You can see them not only in pakistan and afghanistan, but in India also. Many are in congress.gksurya_99

“We immediately knew that we had made a ground-breaking discovery that snowball Earth was directly involved in the evolution of large and complex life,” said Jarrett.

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human leaps: Kavignar Thanigai.

Scientists To Chase Solar Eclipse Using NASA Jets

The total solar eclipse provides a rare opportunity for scientists to study the Sun, particularly its atmosphere.

Scientists To Chase Solar Eclipse Using NASA Jets
WASHINGTON:  In a first, scientists are planning to chase the shadow of the Moon using NASA’s research jets during the upcoming total solar eclipse in the US, in order to capture the clearest ever images of the Sun’s outer atmosphere.

Amir Caspi of the Southwest Research Institute in the US and his team will use two of NASA’s WB-57F research jets to follow the darkness across the US on August 21.

Taking observations from twin telescopes mounted on the noses of the planes, Caspi will capture the clearest images of the Sun’s corona to date and the first-ever thermal images of Mercury, revealing how temperature varies across the planet’s surface.

nasa wb 57f aircraft

Amir Caspi and his team will use NASA’s WB-57F jets to follow the darkness across the US on August 21.

“These could well turn out to be the best ever observations of high frequency phenomena in the corona,” said Dan Seaton, researcher at University of Colorado in the US.

The total solar eclipse provides a rare opportunity for scientists to study the Sun, particularly its atmosphere.

As the Moon completely covers the Sun and perfectly blocks its light during an eclipse, the typically faint corona is easily seen against the dark sky.

During the upcoming total solar eclipse, scientists will observe the solar corona using stabilised telescopes aboard the WB-57F research aircraft.

This vantage point provides distinct advantages over ground-based observations, researchers said.

The corona is heated to millions of degrees, yet the lower atmospheric layers like the photosphere – the visible surface of the Sun – are only heated to a few thousand degrees. Scientists are not sure how this inversion happens.

One theory proposes micro explosions, termed nanoflares – too small and frequent to detect individually, but with a large collective effect – might release heat into the corona.

No one has yet directly seen nanoflares, but the high- resolution and high-speed images to be taken from the WB-57F jets might reveal their effects on the corona.

The high-definition pictures, captured 30 times per second, will be analysed for wave motion in the corona to see if waves move towards or away from the surface of the Sun, and with what strengths and sizes.

The two planes, launching from Ellington Field near NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston will observe the total eclipse for about three and a half minutes each.

By flying high in the stratosphere, observations taken with onboard telescopes will avoid looking through the majority of Earth’s atmosphere, greatly improving image quality.

At the planes’ cruising altitude of 50,000 feet, the sky is 20-30 times darker than as seen from the ground, and there is much less atmospheric turbulence, allowing fine structures and motions in the Sun’s corona to be visible.

Observations of Mercury will also be taken a half-hour before and after totality, when the sky is still relatively dark.

These images, taken in the infrared, will be the first attempt to map the variation of temperature across the surface of the planet.

ANTIPODE AIRPLANE: KAVIGNAR THANIGAI

This Incredible Plane Could Fly from the U.S. to England in Only 20 Minutes

 

THANKS: READERS DIGEST 16.07.2017

Brooke Nelson : Reporter

dedicated by: kavignar Thanigai

 

 

Science has finally found a cure for your wanderlust woes. Thanks to the new Antipode airplane, passengers could one day fly from London to New York in just 20 minutes.

Let’s repeat that: Twenty. Minutes. Have we just gotten one step closer to teleportation?

Canadian designer Charles Bombardier thinks so! Although it would use a normal runway, his plane would travel at supersonic speeds after take off, METRO reports. Using what he calls ‘low penetration mode,’ the aircraft would rapidly channel air across a nozzle on its nose, reaching a top speed of 18,264 miles per hour. By the way, that’s 24 times the speed of sound. No big deal.

‘The idea of going from New York to London in, say 20 minutes – that’s what I think really grabbed people,’ Bombardier told BBC. ‘It’s always something that people would like – a transportation system that could take you from one place on the planet to the other side.’

Plus, with its ability to reach a peak height of 40,000 feet, this plane is out of this world (literally!) Here’s the trade-off, though: The aircraft, which is just a concept for now, would only be able to sit 10 people. So if this ever reaches the mainstream market, getting tickets will be pricey—not to mention competitive.

But when push comes to shove, we’ll be holding out hope to one day cross the Atlantic in roughly the same amount of time it takes to commute to work. In the meantime, you can still book a cheap flight to Hawaii; just make sure to follow these air travel tips before your next flight.

Also watch: The man who takes a plane to work (Provided by BBC)

00:45
02:46
The man who takes a plane to work

More from MSN Travel

In pics: Very best seat on an airplane for every type of need (Provided by Reader’s Digest)

 

 

NASA CAN’T AFFORD TO PUT HUMANS ON MARS: kavignar Thanigai.

 

Mars close up

Colonizing Mars has long captivated the human imagination, and NASA is no exception.

The American space agency has made landing humans on Mars a high priority of its exploration programs and under bipartisan 2010 legislation pledged to develop the capabilities to send humans to the planet by the 2030s.

But there remains a major problem standing between mankind and the red planet: money.

The head of NASA’s program on human exploration of space, William Gerstenmaier, said on Wednesday that with its current budget the agency simply cannot afford the cost of propelling a manned spacecraft to Mars.

Through this horizon, through the 2030s, I can’t put a date on humans on Mars,” said Gerstenmaier on Wednesday, in response to a question at a propulsion meeting of the American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics in Georgia.

Read more: Skintight space suits are the order of the day for astronauts who hope to survive life on Mars 

“At the budget levels we’ve described—it’s roughly a 2 percent increase—we don’t have the surface systems available for Mars. That entry, descent and landing is a huge challenge for us for Mars.”

NASA has landed several unmanned exploratory vehicles on Mars in the past. The Curiosity rover, which landed on Marsh in August 2012 and will soon be celebrating its five-year anniversary exploring the planet, cost around $2.5 billion.

Curiosity Rover

Gerstenmaier said that a manned mission to Mars would weigh around twenty times what previous rovers have weighed. “So it’s a twenty-fold increase in capability,” he said, likely meaning a much higher cost.

Lawmakers allocated NASA a budget of $19.5 billion for the 2017 fiscal year, which equates to less than half a percent of the overall federal budget.

The agency has not produced a specific figure of the cost of a manned mission to Mars, and estimates vary depending on sources. In 2012, the head of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Brent Sherwood, estimated that the project could cost up to $100 billion over the course of 30 or 40 years. More recently, Pascal Lee, the director of the Mars Institute—a nonprofit research group funded partially by NASA and based at a NASA research center in Silicon Valley—said in May that a human mission to Mars could cost up to $1 trillion over 25 years.

Private organizations that are working on their own missions to Mars have estimated lower costs. Mars One, a Dutch-Swiss organization aiming to establish a permanent settlement on Mars, aims to bring four people to Mars at a cost of $6 billion. SpaceX founder Elon Musk, who has said he wants to send humans to Mars in the early 2020s, put the cost at $10 billion per person in 2016.

Landing on Mars poses numerous threats to a manned mission. The spacecraft must angle its entry into the Martian atmosphere correctly: If it is too steep, the craft may burn up, and if too shallow the craft may miss the planet altogether. Astronauts must use reverse thrusters and parachutes to slow the spacecraft down so that it is not destroyed upon impact with the surface. The craft must also locate a safe landing surface on the rugged terrain of Mars, parts of which are peppered with gigantic craters.

And while research has shown that liquid water once flowed on Mars, a recent study found that the soil is toxic to bacteria —one of the simplest forms of living organisms—and thus may also pose problems for sustaining human life.

Scientists solve centuries-old mystery of “bright nights”

thanks PTI

Normally, people do not notice airglow, but on bright nights it can become visible to the naked eye, producing the unexplained glow detailed in historical observations. (representational image)

Scientists have solved a centuries-old mystery of “bright nights” – an unusual glow that appears in the sky after dark and lets observers see distant mountains, read a newspaper or check their watch.

Researchers suggest that when waves in the upper atmosphere converge over specific locations on Earth, it amplifies naturally occurring airglow, a faint light in the night sky that often appears green due to the activities of atoms of oxygen in the high atmosphere.

Normally, people do not notice airglow, but on bright nights it can become visible to the naked eye, producing the unexplained glow detailed in historical observations.

Historical accounts of bright nights go back centuries. European newspapers and the scientific literature also carried observations of these events in 1783, 1908 and 1916.

“Bright nights do exist, and they’re part of the variability of airglow that can be observed with satellite instruments,” said Gordon Shepherd, an aeronomer at York University in Toronto in Canada.

“The historical record is so coherent, going back over centuries, the descriptions are very similar,” said Shepherd, lead author of the study published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

Modern observations of bright nights from Earth are practically nonexistent light pollution. Even devoted airglow researchers have never seen a true bright night.

However, even before the advent of artificial lighting, bright nights were rare and highly localised.

Researchers could see bright night events reflected in airglow data from the Wind Imaging Interferometer (WINDII), an instrument once carried by NASA’s Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (1991-2005).

They searched for mechanisms that would cause airglow to increase to visible levels at specific locations.

Airglow comes from emissions of different colors of light from chemical reactions in the upper reaches of the atmosphere. The green portion of airglow occurs when light from the sun splits apart molecular oxygen into individual oxygen atoms.

When the atoms recombine, they give off the excess energy as photons in the green part of the visible light spectrum, giving the sky a greenish tinge.

To find factors that would cause peaks in airglow and create bright nights, researchers searched two years of WINDII data for unusual airglow profiles.

They identified 11 events where WINDII detected a spike in airglow levels that would be visible to the human eye, two of which they describe in detail in the study.

Finally, the researchers matched up the events with the ups and downs of zonal waves, large waves in the upper atmosphere that circle the globe and are impacted by weather.

 

dedicated by

Kavignar Thanigai.

 

TEN EARTH LIKE WORLDS?…KAVIGNAR THANIGAI.

thanks: NDTV

 

'We Are Probably Not Alone': NASA Finds 10 'Earth-Like' Worlds

Astronomers using the Kepler space telescope have detected 219 possible new exoplanets in our galaxy, including 10 relatively small, rocky and possibly habitable planets similar to our own, NASA announced Monday.

These are the last additions to the catalog of exoplanets compiled during the first phase of the Kepler mission, when the space telescope scanned some 200,000 stars in the Cygnus constellation in an effort to find worlds beyond our own. The official catalog now contains 4,034 total “candidates” – tiny blips in the data that are thought to signal the presence of a planet around a star. Of these, 49 fit squarely into their star’s “habitable zone,” that Goldilocks region where liquid water can pool on the surface and life may be able to thrive.

The Kepler space telescope was launched into orbit around the sun in 2009. Its charge: Take a census of a small slice of the Milky Way in an effort to understand the “demographics” of our galaxy. How many stars are like our sun? How many of those host planets? How many planets orbit in the habitable zone? Is there anyplace else in this vast universe that living beings might call home?

In its first four years, Kepler surveyed just .025 percent of the sky. And for every potential planet detected, NASA estimates that 100 to 200 lurk beyond the telescope’s reach. Given a little time and some sophisticated models, scientists will use the Kepler catalogue to estimate how many stars in our galaxy could host an “Earth 2.0.”

Based on how many habitable-zone planets have already been identified, Caltech astrophysicist Courtney Dressing thinks that number could be sizable.

“I, for one, am ecstatic,” she said at a news conference Monday.

“The important thing for us is, are we alone?” added Kepler Program Scientist Mario Perez. “Kepler today tells us, indirectly, . . . that we are probably not alone.”

This is the eighth update of the Kepler planet catalogue and the most thorough survey of the space telescope’s data to date. Of the 4,034 candidates, more than half have already been confirmed as exoplanets and not the result of miscalculations or false signals. Kepler research scientist Susan Thompson, the lead author of the catalogue study, said her team is confident about all 10 of the new “Earth-like” planets found in their stars’ habitable zones.

Several of these planets orbit G dwarfs – the same species of star as our own sun. And one, dubbed KOI 7711 (for Kepler Object of Interest), is a possible “Earth twin,” a rocky world just 30 times bigger than our own and roughly the same distance from its star.

It’s too soon to say whether KOI 7711 truly merits the label “Earth-like,” Thompson cautioned. Kepler is incapable of determining whether an exoplanet bears an atmosphere or liquid water. If aliens were observing our solar system using a similar instrument, they might think it contained three rocky, potentially habitable worlds – Venus, Earth and Mars. “But I’d only want to live on one of them,” Thompson said.

A second research group combined the Kepler data with measurements from ground-based telescopes to calculate the approximate sizes and compositions of 2,000 exoplanets. They found that smaller worlds, the kind that Kepler was designed to detect, fall into two distinct groups: rocky planets that could be up to 1.75 times the size of our own, called “super-Earths,” and gaseous “mini-Neptunes,” which lack a solid surface and are 2 to 3 times bigger than Earth. Nearly every star surveyed hosted a planet in one of these two categories. But, curiously, no planets straddled the divide. Each world was either smaller and rocky, or larger and gassy.

 

Benjamin Fulton, an astronomer at Caltech and the University of Hawaii at Manoa, compared the new categories to species of animal.

“Finding two distinct groups of exoplanets is like discovering mammals and lizards make up distinct branches of a family tree,” he told reporters Monday. And just as discovering distinctions between species helps us understand evolution, this revelation could help astronomers determine how planets take shape.

Fulton and his colleagues believe that the sharp distinction between “super-Earths” and “mini-Neptunes” may be a result of how much hydrogen and helium contributed to their formation. These elements are extremely light and exist as gas at all but the lowest temperatures. Rocky worlds like Earth, with thin atmospheres and nice, firm surfaces, contain relatively little of these elements. Perhaps they started off with less, or perhaps the light elements were burned or blown away.

But if a planet can hold onto just a bit more of these gases, it “puffs up” like a balloon, Fulton said. Hydrogen and helium form vast, thick atmospheres around mini-Neptunes, making these worlds much bigger than their rocky counterparts.

It’s difficult to know for sure, because our own sun doesn’t host a mini-Neptune – unless you count the hypothesized “Planet Nine” that some scientists believe lurks at the outer edge of the solar system. (For the record, Fulton doesn’t – not yet.) But researchers are bent on figuring out what leads a world to become rocky, rather than gassy, because as far as we’re aware life can only take shape on solid ground.

Kepler’s original mission ended in 2013 when one of the wheels that helped to keep the spacecraft pointed toward the Cygnus constellation failed, so it could no longer scan the same small slice of sky. But by using pressure from light particles from the sun to stay oriented, the telescope has been refashioned for a second exoplanet search project called K2. NASA estimates the telescope has enough fuel to remain active into 2018.

By then, the space agency hopes to be ready to launch the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, which will search for small planets around the brightest stars in the sky, and the James Webb Space Telescope, which is designed to detect atmospheres on other planets. The results from Kepler, that new satellite and the Webb will inform the next generation of telescopes – ones that can actually take pictures of planets in motion around distant stars.

“It feels a bit like the end of an era,” Thompson said, “but actually I see it as a new beginning. It’s amazing the things that Kepler has found. It has shown us these terrestrial worlds, and we still have all this work to do to really understand how common Earths are in the galaxy.”

fatman…..India in satellite launching…Kavignar Thanigai.

Isro’s most powerful rocket GSLV Mk III places GSAT-19 communication satellite in orbit

SRIHARIKOTA: Indian Space Research Organisation on Monday successfully launched its most powerful rocket, GSLV Mk III nicknamed ‘Fatboy’+ , by firing a high thrust indigenous cryogenic engine in the first developmental flight and placed the country’s heaviest satellite in orbit.

With the launch, Isro has demonstrated its mastery in developing a cryogenic engine, a technology denied to it years ago. The launch proves the homegrown launch vehicle’s capability of hurling up to four tonne payload into higher orbits.

It has also laid a strong foundation for its ambitious future projects, including Chandraayan-II and a manned mission, besides venturing into the global heavy payload market.

GSLV Mk III-D1 carrying communication satellite GSAT-19+ lifted off from the second launch pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota at 5.28pm. Around 16 minutes after takeoff, the vehicle placed the satellite in the geosynchronous transfer orbit.
Read this story in Gujarati

Congratulating the scientists and others who worked for the successful mission, Isro chairman A S Kiran Kumar said: “It is a historic day. The entire team has worked since 2002. The vehicle carried the next generation satellite. We are looking forward to getting the satellite operational.”

Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre director Dr K Sivan said, “It is the commencement of two complex technologies – a vehicle that can carry twice the payload weight and a high throughput satellite. It is the continued efforts of the team and industry contribution.”

The three-stage vehicle was propelled by an indigenously designed and developed cryogenic engine — CE-20 — in its upper stage (C25 stage) before it ejected the satellite into its orbit. GSAT-19’s propulsion system will be later used for the satellite to reach its geostationary orbital home.

The launch is also the first flight for CE-20 engine+ , which was under development since 2002. The engine, which runs on a less complex technology compared to its Russian design predecessors, has undergone more than 200 tests in the last few years.

Satish Dhawan Space Centre director P Kunhikrishnan said, “Isro has made it a habit to execute complex jobs in the most professional way. This has culminated in yet another successful event in Sriharikota.”

Kunhikrishnan said integration for the next launch PSLV C38 is going on in the first launch pad simultaneously. “It is planned in the next half of the month. The next GSLV Mk III will be integrated in the new vehicle assembly coming up which will be three times bigger,” he said.

The GSAT-19 carried transponders and a geostationary radiation spectrometer. The instrument will monitor and study the nature of charged particles and the influence of space radiation on satellites and their electronic components.

In December 2014, a miniature version of GSLV Mk III+ carried a 3,775kg experimental crew module. The vehicle did not have the cryogenic engine as it was only to demonstrate the design.

It took five years for Isro to taste its first success with GSLV Mk II after the engine failed 800 milliseconds into ignition in its first flight on April 15, 2010. The vehicle was carrying GSAT-4 satellite.

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The first successful flight of indigenously made cryogenic stage powered GSLV Mk II was on January 5, 2014 when it carried GSAT-14. Since then, Mark II has seen four successful flights including the launch of South Asia Satellite on May 5 this year.

Top Comment

Seems like launching satellites and rockets have become a child’s play for ISRO.sudhanshu pandey

PSLV C38 launch

Isro chairman Kiran Kumar said PSLV C38 would be launched on June 23.

Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device.

D

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sudhanshu pandey

2912

Seems like launching satellites and rockets have become a child’s play for ISRO.

252 1 ReplyFlag
Ravi Rajamannar

9074

There is a great demand in China and Pakistan for BURNOL to cool their burning a$ses !!

4 0 ReplyFlag
BABA BABA

16126

it is honest dedication and devotion towards country which works.. a prayer is always heard when there is honesty in it..
Jai hind..

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LOV GANDHI NT OS MAO

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HUMANITY WOULD HAVE A COLONY ON MARS IF RELIGIOUS MYTHOLOGY AND IDEOLOGY DIDNT EXIST,,WITH PORKI SATAN IN NOSE,, , ,,ONE BILLION HUMANITY KILLED BY PAK CHINA AND HITLER HHAHAHHAHAAAA

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ramakrishnareddy reddy

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Pls give proof to kejriwal first

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ABra Ka Dabra

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Time to copy ISRO work culture in every organization’s, especially govt ones..

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Half of India’s under 18 population lives in poverty: Study

IANS | Jun 5, 2017, 05.23 PM IST

According to a study, nearly two out of every five children - a total of 689 million children - are classed as multi-dimensionally poor.According to a study, nearly two out of every five children – a total of 689 million children – are classed as… Read More
LONDON: At least half of India’s under 18 population lives in acute poverty, reveals a “deeply disturbing” study from Oxford University.

Across the 103 low and middle income countries surveyed, children were found to constitute 34 per cent of the total population, but 48 per cent of the poor, based on a measure that assesses a range of deprivations in health, education and living standards.

The international definition of a child, used in the study, was anyone less than 18 years of age.

“These new results are deeply disturbing as they show that children are disproportionately poor when the different dimensions of poverty are measured,” said Sabina Alkire, Director of Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) at the University of Oxford.

The research examined the latest figures for the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) by age group to analyse the particular situation of 1.8 billion children who live in 103 countries.

MPI complements traditional income-based poverty measures by capturing the severe deprivations that each person faces at the same time with respect to education, health and living standards.

The MPI assesses poverty at the individual level. If someone is deprived in a third or more of ten (weighted) indicators – nutrition, child mortality, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, improved sanitation, safe drinking water, electricity, flooring, assets – the global index identifies them as “MPI poor”.

The extent – or intensity – of their poverty is measured by the number of deprivations they are experiencing.

According to the OPHI, nearly two out of every five children – a total of 689 million children – are classed as multi-dimensionally poor.

Half of South Asia’s children and two thirds of Sub-Saharan children are multi-dimensionally poor, according to the study.

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In 36 countries, including India, at least half of all children are MPI poor.

The condition of children is worse in Ethiopia, Niger and South Sudan where over 90 per cent of all children are MPI poor, according to the study which highlights the challenges that the UN’s new Sustainable Development Goals for the eradication of child poverty face.

“This is a wake-up call to the international community which has adopted the global Sustainable Development Goals and takes seriously Goal 1, the eradication of poverty in all its forms and dimensions,” Alkire said in a news release.

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Sharad Kumar Jain assumes charge as National Water Development Agency director general

Yogesh Kabirdoss| TNN | Jun 5, 2017, 04.58 PM IST

CHENNAI: Sharad Kumar Jain has assumed the additional charge of director general, National Water Development Agency (NWDA) under Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.

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According to an official statement, Jain is presently working with National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee. Jain succeeds S Masood Husain who has moved over as Member (WP&P), Central Water Commission.

NWDA was set up in 1982 as an autonomous society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, to carry out water balance and other studies on scientific and realistic basis for optimum utilisation of water resources of the peninsular rivers system for preparation of feasibility reports and thus to give concrete shape to Peninsular Rivers Development Component of National Perspective.

In 1990, NWDA was also entrusted with the task of Himalayan Rivers Development Component of National Perspectives. Recently, the functions of NWDA have been further modified and the work of preparation of detailed Project Reports of various link proposals and pre-feasibility reports and feasibility reports of intra-state links as proposed by the states have been included in the functions of NWDA.

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India ready to resolve issues with Pakistan, but talks and terror can’t go together: Sushma Swaraj

TIMESOFINDIA.COM | Jun 5, 2017, 04.22 PM IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • India made it clear that the Kashmir issue can be resolved only bilaterally and said “Pakistan can’t take Kashmir issue to the International Court of Justice
  • Sushma Swaraj said India wants countries which back its bid for NSG membership to talk to China for Beijing’s support

Sushma Swaraj. (AP photo)Sushma Swaraj. (AP photo)

NEW DELHI: India on Monday said it wants to resolve all issues with Pakistanbilaterally, but asserted that talks and terror cannot go together.

External affairs minister Sushma Swaraj also made it clear that the Kashmir issue can be resolved only bilaterally and said “Pakistan can’t take Kashmir issue to the International Court of Justice

She denied any flip-flop in India’s policy on Pakistan.

Sushma and her two junior ministers were speaking about the achievements of external affairs ministry on the completion of three years of the Modi government+ .

On the issue of Chinese choppers over Chamoli district+ , Sushma Swaraj said India will raise airspace violation issue with Beijing.

She said relationship between India and the US was progressing under Donald Trump as it did during Obama’s presidency.

NSG membership

Sushma Swaraj said India wants countries which back its bid for NSG membership+ to talk to China for Beijing’s support. China has been opposing India’s bid for NSG membership.

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OBOR project

Justifying India’s opposition to the OBOR project, Sushma Swaraj said the project could not be supported as it involves India’s sovereignty+ .

Paris agreement

Reiterating the country’s commitment to the Paris climate deal, the external affairs minister said that India did not sign the agreement under duress or for monetary benefits.

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India to Pakistan: Will deal sternly with infiltration, ceasefire violations

PTI | Jun 5, 2017, 03.51 PM IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • India and Pakistan DGMOs held a telephonic conversation today.
  • The two army commanders discussed the situation along the Line of Control.
  • India said the request for the conversation was made by the Pakistan DGMO.

NEW DELHI: Indian Army‘s Director General of Military Operations (DGMO) Lt Gen A K Bhatt on Monday told his Pakistani counterpart that any attempt by the Pakistan military to resort to unprovoked firings along the LoC in Jammu and Kashmir and abet infiltrators would be met with “appropriate retaliatory actions”.

In their telephonic conversation, the two army commanders discussed the situation along the Line of Control which has witnessed increasing incidents of ceasefire violations by Pakistan in the last couple of months.

“DGMO Indian Army conveyed his commitment of ensuring peace and tranquility which is contingent on Pak Army’s intentions and actions.

“If Pakistan Army continues to abet infiltrations and cause trans-LC firings, Indian Army will take appropriate retaliatory actions,” the Army said in a statement, sharing details of the conversation between Bhatt and his Pakistani counterpart, Maj Gen Sahir Shamshad Mirza.

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Army said Lt Gen Bhatt highlighted cases of escalations of tension by the Pakistan Army during the conversation.

“On the issue raised by DGMO Pak Army regarding civilian killings, DGMO Indian Army conveyed that the Indian Army is a professional Army and will not harm civilians in any manner,” the Indian Army said.

It said the request for the conversation was made by the Pakistan DGMO.

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